Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in the Old & New Testament

Old Testament

“I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.” (Deuteronomy 18:18)

“Among their brethren” clearly refers to a nation other than the Israelites; otherwise it should have been “amongst yourselves.” The reference in Deuteronomy 18:18 could fit nobody else except Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), and not Prophet Jesus, for the following reasons:

  • Moses and Muhammad were born in the normal, natural course, that is, the physical union of man and woman, but Jesus was created by a special miracle.
  • Moses and Muhammad married and begot children, but Jesus remained a bachelor all his life.
  • Moses and Muhammad brought new laws and new regulations for their people, but Jesus came only to fulfill the old law of Moses.
  • Both Moses and Muhammad died natural deaths and were buried, but Jesus was raised to heaven.
  • Unlike Moses and Muhammad, who were accepted as prophets by their people in their very lifetime, Jesus was deserted even by his closest disciples.
  • Both Moses and Muhammad ruled and enacted laws besides their being prophets. This was not the case with Jesus.
  • The only likeness between Moses and Jesus was that both belonged to the Children of Israel, like all other Israelite prophets such as Solomon, David, Isaiah, Daniel, Joshua, Zechariah, John and many others.

Further, the well-known Deuteronomy 18:18, widely accepted as an unequivocal reference to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), is further clarified by the following verse:

“And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him” (Deuteronomy 18:19).

It is well-known that every surah (chapter) of the Qur’an (except At-Tawbah 9) should start by: bismillah ir-rahman ir-rahim (In the name of Allah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful). Muslims recite these words repeatedly in each of their five daily obligatory prayers, as well as before starting almost any action.

The Gospels of Matthew and Luke were both grossly mistaken in listing a false lineage of Jesus to David through his mother’s fiancé, Joseph the carpenter. Also, Matthew and Luke contradicted each other in terms of the chain length and individual names therein.

The virgin Mary, his mother, is the daughter of `Imran, whose lineage extends to the Prophet Aaron, who is a Levite. Levites are grandsons of Levi, one of the twelve sons of Jacob (Israel). So, Mary, as well, is an Israelite, and Jesus has nothing to do with Esau, the brother of Jacob. “Their brethren” could refer only to the descendants of Ishmael.

All that is only one example of a multitude of biblical evidence; some references carry even more explicit descriptions and definitions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

According to the Bible, the coming prophet would come from Arabia:

“And he said, the Lord came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for them.” (Deuteronomy 33:2)

Mount Paran is the area located between the mountains of Abu-Qubays, Qi`an, and Hira’ in Makkah. It is where Abraham took his wife Hagar and their child Ishmael, as mentioned in the following:

“And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba…And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt.” (Genesis 21:14, 20-21)

His universal message would gather people from all around the globe and would bring them for pilgrimage to Makkah, land of Kedar, the grandfather of the Quraysh, the tribe of Muhammad (peace be upon him), as in the following prophecy:

“For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people, but the Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee. And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising. Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side. Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee. The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the Lord. All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory. Who are these that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows?” (Isaiah 60:2-8)

They would praise Allah, as they do annually in Mina and `Arafat, the mountain tops in the following prophecy:

“Sing unto the Lord a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth, ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants thereof.
Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from the top of the mountains. Let them give glory unto the Lord, and declare his praise in the islands.” (Isaiah 42:10-12)

The coming prophet would be illiterate, as was Muhammad (peace be upon him):

“And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, ‘Read this, I pray thee’ and he saith, ‘I am not learned.’” (Isaiah 29:12)

This amazingly coincides with how Muhammad (peace be upon him) received the first revelation:

“…till Truth came upon him while he was in the cave of Hira’. There came to him the angel and said, ‘Read,’ to which he replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ He took hold of me (the Messenger said) and pressed me, till I was hard pressed; thereafter he let me off and said, ‘Read.’ I said, ‘I do not know how to read.’ He then again took hold of me and pressed me for the second time till I was hard pressed and then let me off and said, ‘Read,’ to which I replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ He took hold of me and pressed me for the third time, till I was hard pressed and then let me go and said: *{Read in the name of your Lord Who created, created man from a clot of blood. Recite. And your Most Bountiful Lord is He Who taught the use of pen, taught man what he knew not}* Then the Prophet returned therewith, his heart was trembling…” (Narrated by Al-Bukhari.)

New Testament

A Prophet Like Moses:

In New Testament times, the Jews were still expecting the “Prophet like Moses” mentioned in Deuteronomy 18. When Jesus claimed to be the expected Messiah, the Jews questioned him about Elias, because they had a parallel prophecy that Prophet Elias must come before the Messiah. And Jesus confirms this belief among them: And Jesus answered and said unto them, Elias truly shall first come, and restore all things. But I say unto you, That Elias is come already (Matthew 17:11-12, KJV)

But the Jews were not prepared to believe the words of any would-be Messiah. And so when John the Baptist confronted them, they asked him who he actually was. Read the Gospel of John: And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, Who art thou? And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ. And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith, I am not. Art thou that prophet? And he answered, No. (John 1:19-21, KJV)

From the above verses the following facts become clear:
1. John is not the Christ (i.e. the Messiah).

2. He is not Elias (This is a contradiction of what Jesus said about him, and it poses a problem for the Christian interpreters of the Bible).

3. He is not “that prophet.”

Note that John answers three questions about three distinct persons: Christ, Elias, and “that prophet.” There is no reference to “that Prophet” in any previous passage in the Gospel of John nor in the three other gospels. Who is “that prophet”? Christian exegetes argue that “that prophet” means the same as Christ. We see no supporting evidence to this either in the words of John the Baptist or in the gospels.

Bible concordances mention in their notes that the words “that prophet” refer to the prophecy in Deuteronomy 18 about “the prophet like Moses.” And the “Prophet-like-Moses” was not Jesus, but Muhammad, as can be seen in our explanations of the relevant verses.

The Comforter Will Come

In the New Testament, we read about Jesus telling his followers that a “Spirit of Truth” or “Comforter” (translation provided for the Greek word, “Paracletos” in the English translations of the New Testament) would come after him to complete the Religion of God. See the Gospel of John: And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you. (John 14:16-17, KJV) Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. (John 16:7KJV)

This means that “the Comforter” is someone who would come after the departure of Jesus. In fact “the Holy Spirit” was active according to the Old Testament as well as the Gospels, before the departure of Jesus. So the predicted “Comforter” was someone other than the Holy Spirit. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin, because they believe not on me; Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged. I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. (John 16:8-13, KJV)

The above verses mean that “the Comforter” would not be a member of the Trinity (i.e. God Himself according to the Christians) because he would be someone who speaks what he hears (i.e. hears from God), and “he shall not speak of himself.” That is, he would not be God the Holy Spirit. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you. (John 16:14, KJV)

That is, “the Comforter” will glorify Jesus. We find that it was Muhammad who glorified Jesus, by quoting the Word of God in the Qur’an, as he ought to be glorified. For the above reasons, the predicted “Comforter” or “the Spirit of Truth” is not “the Holy Spirit,” as claimed by Christians. And it was only Muhammad who fit all the details of the prophecy of Jesus here. And this prophecy in the New Testament is corroborated by the Old Testament prophecies about “the Prophet-like-Moses” given in Deuteronomy 18 as well. As outlined above, the qualities mentioned in the prophecies of both Moses and Jesus about the coming prophet find their fulfillment in Prophet Muhammad, the final prophet of God, through whom God completed His Guidance for humanity.


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